When sending a message, detailed information on each address that
fails is available in an
chained off the top level
that is thrown.
In addition, if the
is set, an
will be included in the list for each address that is successful.
Note that this will cause a top level
to be thrown even though the send was successful.
To use SMTP authentication you'll need to set the
property (see below) or provide the SMTP Transport
with a username and password when connecting to the SMTP server. You
can do this using one of the following approaches:
Provide an Authenticator object when creating your mail Session and provide the username and password information during the Authenticator callback.
Note that the
mail.smtp.userproperty can be set to provide a default username for the callback, but the password will still need to be supplied explicitly.
This approach allows you to use the static Transport
sendmethod to send messages.
Call the Transport
connectmethod explicitly with username and password arguments.
This approach requires you to explicitly manage a Transport object and use the Transport
sendMessagemethod to send the message. The transport.java demo program demonstrates how to manage a Transport object. The following is roughly equivalent to the static Transport
sendmethod, but supplies the needed username and password:
Transport tr = session.getTransport("smtp"); tr.connect(smtphost, username, password); msg.saveChanges(); // don't forget this tr.sendMessage(msg, msg.getAllRecipients()); tr.close();
When using DIGEST-MD5 authentication,
you'll also need to supply an appropriate realm;
your mail server administrator can supply this information.
You can set this using the
setSASLRealm method on
The SMTP protocol provider can use SASL
authentication mechanisms on systems that support the
javax.security.sasl APIs, such as J2SE 5.0.
In addition to the SASL mechanisms that are built into
the SASL implementation, users can also provide additional
SASL mechanisms of their own design to support custom authentication
schemes. See the
Java SASL API Programming and Deployment Guide for details.
Note that the current implementation doesn't support SASL mechanisms
that provide their own integrity or confidentiality layer.
Support for OAuth 2.0 authentication via the XOAUTH2 authentication mechanism is provided either through the SASL support described above or as a built-in authentication mechanism in the SMTP provider. The OAuth 2.0 Access Token should be passed as the password for this mechanism. See OAuth2 Support for details.
SMTP can also optionally request Delivery Status Notifications
The delivery status will typically be reported using
message type with a "message/delivery-status"
You can use the classes in the
com.sun.mail.dsn package to
handle these MIME types.
Note that you'll need to include
dsn.jar in your CLASSPATH
as this support is not included in
See below for the properties to enable these features.
Note also that THERE IS NOT SUFFICIENT DOCUMENTATION HERE TO USE THESE FEATURES!!! You will need to read the appropriate RFCs mentioned above to understand what these features do and how to use them. Don't just start setting properties and then complain to us when it doesn't work like you expect it to work. READ THE RFCs FIRST!!!
The SMTP protocol provider supports the CHUNKING extension defined in
mail.smtp.chunksize property to the desired chunk
size in bytes.
If the server supports the CHUNKING extension, the BDAT command will be
used to send the message in chunksize pieces. Note that no pipelining is
done so this will be slower than sending the message in one piece.
Note also that the BINARYMIME extension described in RFC 3030 is NOT supported.
The SMTP protocol provider supports the following properties,
which may be set in the Jakarta Mail
The properties are always set as strings; the Type column describes
how the string is interpreted. For example, use
to set the
mail.smtp.port property, which is of type int.
Note that if you're using the "smtps" protocol to access SMTP over SSL, all the properties would be named "mail.smtps.*".
|mail.smtp.user||String||Default user name for SMTP.|
|mail.smtp.host||String||The SMTP server to connect to.|
|mail.smtp.port||int||The SMTP server port to connect to, if the connect() method doesn't explicitly specify one. Defaults to 25.|
|mail.smtp.connectiontimeout||int||Socket connection timeout value in milliseconds. This timeout is implemented by java.net.Socket. Default is infinite timeout.|
|mail.smtp.timeout||int||Socket read timeout value in milliseconds. This timeout is implemented by java.net.Socket. Default is infinite timeout.|
|mail.smtp.writetimeout||int||Socket write timeout value in milliseconds. This timeout is implemented by using a java.util.concurrent.ScheduledExecutorService per connection that schedules a thread to close the socket if the timeout expires. Thus, the overhead of using this timeout is one thread per connection. Default is infinite timeout.|
|mail.smtp.from||String||Email address to use for SMTP MAIL command. This sets the envelope return address. Defaults to msg.getFrom() or InternetAddress.getLocalAddress(). NOTE: mail.smtp.user was previously used for this.|
Local host name used in the SMTP HELO or EHLO command.
|mail.smtp.localaddress||String||Local address (host name) to bind to when creating the SMTP socket. Defaults to the address picked by the Socket class. Should not normally need to be set, but useful with multi-homed hosts where it's important to pick a particular local address to bind to.|
|mail.smtp.localport||int||Local port number to bind to when creating the SMTP socket. Defaults to the port number picked by the Socket class.|
|mail.smtp.ehlo||boolean||If false, do not attempt to sign on with the EHLO command. Defaults to true. Normally failure of the EHLO command will fallback to the HELO command; this property exists only for servers that don't fail EHLO properly or don't implement EHLO properly.|
|mail.smtp.auth||boolean||If true, attempt to authenticate the user using the AUTH command. Defaults to false.|
If set, lists the authentication mechanisms to consider, and the order
in which to consider them. Only mechanisms supported by the server and
supported by the current implementation will be used.
The default is
|mail.smtp.auth.login.disable||boolean||If true, prevents use of the
|mail.smtp.auth.plain.disable||boolean||If true, prevents use of the
|mail.smtp.auth.digest-md5.disable||boolean||If true, prevents use of the
|mail.smtp.auth.ntlm.disable||boolean||If true, prevents use of the
|mail.smtp.auth.ntlm.domain||String||The NTLM authentication domain.|
|mail.smtp.auth.ntlm.flags||int||NTLM protocol-specific flags. See http://curl.haxx.se/rfc/ntlm.html#theNtlmFlags for details.|
|mail.smtp.auth.xoauth2.disable||boolean||If true, prevents use of the
|mail.smtp.submitter||String||The submitter to use in the AUTH tag in the MAIL FROM command.
Typically used by a mail relay to pass along information about the
original submitter of the message.
See also the
|mail.smtp.dsn.notify||String||The NOTIFY option to the RCPT command. Either NEVER, or some combination of SUCCESS, FAILURE, and DELAY (separated by commas).|
|mail.smtp.dsn.ret||String||The RET option to the MAIL command. Either FULL or HDRS.|
|mail.smtp.allow8bitmime||boolean||If set to true, and the server supports the 8BITMIME extension, text parts of messages that use the "quoted-printable" or "base64" encodings are converted to use "8bit" encoding if they follow the RFC2045 rules for 8bit text.|
|mail.smtp.sendpartial||boolean||If set to true, and a message has some valid and some invalid addresses, send the message anyway, reporting the partial failure with a SendFailedException. If set to false (the default), the message is not sent to any of the recipients if there is an invalid recipient address.|
|mail.smtp.sasl.enable||boolean||If set to true, attempt to use the javax.security.sasl package to choose an authentication mechanism for login. Defaults to false.|
|mail.smtp.sasl.mechanisms||String||A space or comma separated list of SASL mechanism names to try to use.|
|mail.smtp.sasl.authorizationid||String||The authorization ID to use in the SASL authentication. If not set, the authentication ID (user name) is used.|
|mail.smtp.sasl.realm||String||The realm to use with DIGEST-MD5 authentication.|
If set to true, the canonical host name returned by
|mail.smtp.quitwait||boolean||If set to false, the QUIT command is sent and the connection is immediately closed. If set to true (the default), causes the transport to wait for the response to the QUIT command.|
|mail.smtp.quitonsessionreject||boolean||If set to false (the default), on session initiation rejection the QUIT command is not sent and the connection is immediately closed. If set to true, causes the transport to send the QUIT command prior to closing the connection.|
If set to true, causes the transport to include an
If set to a class that implements the
If set, specifies the name of a class that implements the
If set to true, failure to create a socket using the specified
socket factory class will cause the socket to be created using
|mail.smtp.socketFactory.port||int||Specifies the port to connect to when using the specified socket factory. If not set, the default port will be used.|
|mail.smtp.ssl.enable||boolean||If set to true, use SSL to connect and use the SSL port by default. Defaults to false for the "smtp" protocol and true for the "smtps" protocol.|
|mail.smtp.ssl.checkserveridentity||boolean||If set to true, check the server identity as specified by RFC 2595. These additional checks based on the content of the server's certificate are intended to prevent man-in-the-middle attacks. Defaults to false.|
If set, and a socket factory hasn't been specified, enables use of a
If set to a class that extends the
If set, specifies the name of a class that extends the
|mail.smtp.ssl.socketFactory.port||int||Specifies the port to connect to when using the specified socket factory. If not set, the default port will be used.|
Specifies the SSL protocols that will be enabled for SSL connections.
The property value is a whitespace separated list of tokens acceptable
Specifies the SSL cipher suites that will be enabled for SSL connections.
The property value is a whitespace separated list of tokens acceptable
If true, enables the use of the
If true, requires the use of the
|mail.smtp.proxy.host||string||Specifies the host name of an HTTP web proxy server that will be used for connections to the mail server.|
|mail.smtp.proxy.port||string||Specifies the port number for the HTTP web proxy server. Defaults to port 80.|
|mail.smtp.proxy.user||string||Specifies the user name to use to authenticate with the HTTP web proxy server. By default, no authentication is done.|
|mail.smtp.proxy.password||string||Specifies the password to use to authenticate with the HTTP web proxy server. By default, no authentication is done.|
|mail.smtp.socks.host||string||Specifies the host name of a SOCKS5 proxy server that will be used for connections to the mail server.|
|mail.smtp.socks.port||string||Specifies the port number for the SOCKS5 proxy server. This should only need to be used if the proxy server is not using the standard port number of 1080.|
Extension string to append to the MAIL command.
The extension string can be used to specify standard SMTP
service extensions as well as vendor-specific extensions.
Typically the application should use the
If set to true, use the RSET command instead of the NOOP command
If set to true (the default), insist on a 250 response code from the NOOP
command to indicate success. The NOOP command is used by the
In general, applications should not need to use the classes in this
package directly. Instead, they should use the APIs defined by
javax.mail package (and subpackages). Applications should
never construct instances of
Instead, they should use the
getTransport to acquire an
In addition to printing debugging output as controlled by the
the com.sun.mail.smtp provider logs the same information using
Logger as described in the following table:
|Logger Name||Logging Level||Purpose|
|com.sun.mail.smtp||CONFIG||Configuration of the SMTPTransport|
|com.sun.mail.smtp||FINE||General debugging output|
|com.sun.mail.smtp.protocol||FINEST||Complete protocol trace|
WARNING: The APIs unique to this package should be considered EXPERIMENTAL. They may be changed in the future in ways that are incompatible with applications using the current APIs.
Interface Summary Interface Description SaslAuthenticatorInterface to make it easier to call SMTPSaslAuthenticator.
Class Summary Class Description DigestMD5DIGEST-MD5 authentication support. SMTPMessageThis class is a specialization of the MimeMessage class that allows you to specify various SMTP options and parameters that will be used when this message is sent over SMTP. SMTPOutputStreamIn addition to converting lines into the canonical format, i.e., terminating lines with the CRLF sequence, escapes the "." by adding another "." to any "." that appears in the beginning of a line. SMTPProviderThe SMTP protocol provider. SMTPSaslAuthenticatorThis class contains a single method that does authentication using SASL. SMTPSSLProviderThe SMTP SSL protocol provider. SMTPSSLTransportThis class implements the Transport abstract class using SMTP over SSL for message submission and transport. SMTPTransportThis class implements the Transport abstract class using SMTP for message submission and transport.
Exception Summary Exception Description SMTPAddressFailedExceptionThis exception is thrown when the message cannot be sent. SMTPAddressSucceededExceptionThis exception is chained off a SendFailedException when the
mail.smtp.reportsuccessproperty is true.
SMTPSenderFailedExceptionThis exception is thrown when the message cannot be sent. SMTPSendFailedExceptionThis exception is thrown when the message cannot be sent.